Modifications and Accomodations
Helping English Language Learners Orientation for Teachers
Modifications and Accommodations Modifications are required for all ELLs, if needed ELLs cannot fail because they lack English proficiency!
Entering (Level 1)/Beginning (Level 2)  Use lots of visuals and demonstrations  Reduce stress.  Allow wait time!  Use hands-on activities  Establish consistent classroom routines  Use yes/no questions  Use Language Experience Approach  Use cooperative learning  Simplify your vocabulary  Watch idioms  Reduce the # of spelling/vocabulary words  Reduce the # of objectives  Build background and teach American culture  Connect learning to student’s life  Check for understanding  Repeat and rephrase  Allow ELL to work on computer.  Provide opportunities to develop phonemic awareness.  Provide opportunities for ELL to learn everyday words.  Include ELL in content  Label important words
Assessment  Allow student to point to answer  Allow student to illustrate answers  Oral tests  Extended time
Developing (Level 3)/Expanding (Level 4)  Use lots of visuals and demonstrations  Allow wait time!  Use hands-on activities  Establish consistent classroom routines  Use Language Experience Approach  Use cooperative learning  Simplify your vocabulary  Watch idioms  Reduce the # of spelling/vocabulary words  Reduce the # of objectives: depth instead of breadth  Reduce reading burden by shortening assignments  Use graphic organizers  Go over key vocabulary before reading  Build background and teach American culture  Check for understanding  In math, ELL may be familiar with metric system,     not our English system.  Teach English skills in all content areas     (for ex., teach how to use the index of the     math book).
Assessment  Extended time on tests  Word banks on tests  Reduced writing requirements  Matching tests  Oral tests  Group projects  Labeling
What Do I Do First? What Do I Do First? Stages of Acculturation Stages of Acculturation Modifications & Accomodations Modifications & Accomodations next next previous previous Language Development Stages Language Development Stages BICS vs CALP BICS vs CALP Acquistion vs Learning Acquistion vs Learning Quick Reference Guide for Teachers Quick Reference Guide for Teachers
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PARCC Accomodations It is important to ensure that a student’s performance in the classroom as well as on standardized testing is not influenced by the student’s disability or linguistic characteristics that are unrelated to the content being assessed. Accommodations are intended to reduce the effects of a student’s disability and/or English language proficiency level but not to reduce learning expectations. Any and all accommodations provided to a student must be generally consistent with those provided for classroom instruction and classroom assessment. Testing Accommodations must adhere to established principles, such as but not limited to: •Enable students to participants more fully in assessments •Based upon individual student needs •Based on documented need Click Download for Information (pdf)
New Jersey’s current testing accommodations for English Learners include: •Additional time of up to 150% of the administration times indicated •Translation of test directions ONLY in the student’s native language •Use of a bilingual (i.e., word-for- word) translation dictionary
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Accessibility Features and Accommodations for English Learners in PARCC Assessments—A Teacher’s Guide During the 2014–2015 school year, the new computer-based PARCC state assessments, which measure students’ mastery of Common Core State Standards in mathematics and English language arts/literacy in Grades 3 through 11, will be implemented. To provide equitable access to the online PARCC assessments (Performance-Based, Midyear, and End-ofYear), PARCC has embedded accessibility features for all students and developed accessibility features that educators can provide for individual students as needed. PARCC also has identified accommodations that English learners, English learners with disabilities, and students with disabilities may require.
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Testing Accomodations

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